Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Sparta boys entered military school when they were about six years old. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Sparta was a military driven society in which all boys were sent to military school at the age of 7 away from their parents. In addition to their governments, the two cities had a democratically elected assembly whose members people elected. Likewise, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? Sparta was an Oligarchy. A Comparison of Education in Ancient Greece: Athens and Sparta PAGES 4. Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Even though Athenian women mostly get married by the age of fourteen to sixteen while Sparta women marry at the age of eighteen, both Athenian and Sparta’s marriage were arranged by their fathers. Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, with an average of three or four slaves per household, except in poor families. Geography and Demography According Dr. Peter J. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. At age 20, Spartan males became full-time soldiers, and remained on active duty until age 60. They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. Athenian men had more rights than Spartan men, while Spartan women had more rights than Athenian women. Thus, this paper will investigate further the similarities and differences between Sparta and Athens in governance, rule of women, and beliefs. What Were the Similarities Between Sparta and Athens. Education in Nigeria Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. How much does it cost to build a 1500 sq ft log cabin? What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? However, the … Slaves were at the bottom of the social order in both cities, and military men were at the top. until 31 B.C., when Roman troops conquered the last of the territories that the Macedonian king had once. One of the main similarities between Sparta and Athens is that each city-state had a government that had the responsibility of checking on the welfare of its citizens. View Full Essay. A comparison between the lives of athenians and spartans. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. The Spartans' constant military drilling and discipline made them skilled at the ancient Greek style of fighting in a phalanx formation. Both men and women enjoyed different privileges in Sparta and Athens. All schools were very small private schools, and education was very valued. The Ancient Greek oligos translates to few, while archia means rule rule by the few. Athens VS Sparta Athens and Sparta were two of the greatest Greek city states ever. The Spartans had less education than Athens because they need to go to the army “Sparta seemed to be content with themselves and provided their army whenever required” (http://www.diffen.com/difference/Athens_vs_Sparta); in school they had physical education that was very hard. Even though, Sparta and Athens were in close piercement; Sparta differ from Athens in a lot of ways especially the women that lives in these city – states. Both Sparta and Athens were militarily strong, though in different ways. Although there are massive differences between Athenian and Sparta women, still there are some similarities among these two women group since they are both Greek. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). In fact, they were the largest of them all. Another point is that they were expected to give birth t… - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. There were similarities and differences involving how each city state acted politically, economically, culturally and socially. It was aimed at the cultivation of the students' physical, mental, and moral qualities. They learned how to read and write, but those skills were not considered very important except for messages. Hereof, how were Athens and Sparta different? Sparta and Athens were both advanced and intelligent… Physical education was extremely important in Athens as well as Sparta, and sports included Archery, wrestling and swimming. The Spartans were the ones that wanted a strong army, a civilization with no freedom and less education for men so they could fight in the army. Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other citystates shifted to tyrannies and democracies. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? And the local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for state-controlled public education and state schools at a regional level. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. How do you make a large crate smaller for a puppy? … Explain the differences and similarities between two Greek City-States List the important contributions of each City-State Educational Standard(s) Supported Social Studies 6.43 Success Indicator Learners will be successful if they: Identify similarities and differences of Athens and Sparta Compare and contrast information about the two city-states Similarities And Differences Of Government In Athens, Sparta And Athens 849 Words | 4 Pages. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its gerousia, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the apella (general assembly) to develop and try to pass rhetrai, or motions and decrees. Continue Reading. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. Earth’s roundness and size; the distance between Earth, the Sun, and the Moon; Earth’s orbiting the Sun. All schools were very small private schools, and education was very valued. Furthermore, how was the education in Athens? Athens was intelligent, yet militaristically inferior to Sparta. Both city states had extremely large slave populations, with each home to about 100,000 slaves. Furthermore, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? Athens was an aca. What was the social structure of ancient Athens? Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. The Athenians had a strong army but freedom was very important and the education to the people was a priority. You were considered free only if you where a man and not a slave. Both had a large amount of slaves (100,00) Bibliography Both Athens and Sparta chose their rulers However, Sparta had only about 8,000 citizens, while Athens had between 40,000 and 100,000. Why was it called the Hellenistic period? Â¿CuÃ¡les son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? Sparta did not experience the same changes in government that Athens and other citystates experienced. The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce and maintain a powerful army. Education in ancient Rome progressed from an informal, familial system of education in the early Republic to a tuition-based system during the late Republic and the Empire. Also the people had different rights. Not only do these two cities have many differences but they also have some things in common too. What should I wear to the Biltmore Estate? Sparta vs. Athens. In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. The Athens and Spartans were two civilizations with many differences and similarities. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Athens and Sparta, two of the most prominent Greek city-states, had a few similarities. What were the main features of the new system of education in Athens? One of the other similarities is that all Athenian and Sparta women have to get married. Which was a military oligarchy Athens or Sparta? Their main goal was building a democracy. Sparta's military strength rested in its army, composed of the best-trained and most powerful warriors of ancient times. But war cannot kill ideas. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Athens. The principal use of slaves was in agriculture, but they were also used in stone quarries or mines, and as domestic servants. Other than being apart of Greece and the language they spoke, they both worshipped the same gods, which are the twelve Olympian gods and goddesses, which included Zeus, Poseidon, and Aphrodite. Many people think that Sparta and Athens were completely different, but this is not true, they had many similarities. Here are the differences and similarities between Athens and Spartans during this time: For the Athens, their social structures were typical. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of Western civilization. They owned large estates and established the cavalry or captained triremes. Athens was more focused on government and education, while Sparta was more concerned about military training. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … Schooling continued till the age of eighteen. Sparta and Athens share some great similarities in their government structure, the biggest one being that all the respective free citizens possessed similar rights, but there are also striking differences, with Athens being culture-oriented while Sparta imprinted on a military lifestyle. There they were taught math, to read and write and to play a musical instrument. Additionally, slaves played a major role in both city-states. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. Lifestyle and People The stark lifestyle of Sparta was a contrast to the Athenian focus on thinking and learning. Physical Education in Sparta was military education where a child had to join at the age of 7 years. Education in Sparta was completely different. Also the people had different rights. Government Education Economy Similarities More Similarities Women and Slaves Both Athens and Sparta had a strong military. By age 18 all boys were expected to attend military school. They have some things in common, such as being located in Greece; however, more are the differences than the similarities when it comes to the characteristics of this Greek polis. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Spartan life was simple. Similarities Between Spartan Education And Nigeria Education. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? Reform and democracy. The rich were otherwise known as aristocrats. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. More wealthy were taught to ride a horse. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. Historians call this era the “Hellenistic period.” (The word “Hellenistic” comes from the word Hellazein, which means “to speak Greek or identify with the Greeks.”) It lasted from the death of Alexander in 323 B.C. The Roman education system was based on the Greek system – and many of the private tutors in the Roman system were Greek slaves or freedmen. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. Athens and Sparta, two civilizations of equal power, yet unequal mindsets: their societal views caused these two great empires to face a divide unlike any other in history. A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people. Sparta is the most conservative city in Greece. The Athens had a good education and many subjects to study on, the women also study but … Between these two cities- states the women role in marriage, education, and freedom in society are different. Didrachm of Athens, 545–510 BC Obv: Four-spoked wheel Rev: Incuse square, divided diagonally. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Sparta, with their cold iron and colder hearts left enemies in ruin. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. Brand (n.d), Ancient Greece is composed of 700 poleis or city state where each polis was own its small country (p. 1). In Sparta the military professionals were the only ones who had the right to vote; in Athens, the aristocrats were wealthy landowners who were also military leaders. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Wow. But only one could be the best, was it Sparta or Athens?? Click to see full answer. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Furthermore, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? WORDS 2,528. How old is Hillary on Love It or List It? By age 20 they graduated. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? Exactly what I needed. Along with these, the roles between Spartan and Athenian women differed as well. The curriculum consisted of reading, writing, music, poetry, mathematics and gymnastics. In Athens, you could get a good education … They had educational systems that taught things almost completely opposite of each other, one military-based and one more focused on the arts. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. What can be included in your credit bureau file? Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Military service was compulsory and all men were required to serve until at least the age of 30. Also the people had different rights. They were also very laid back. It has never had a left-wing mayor and it was one of the few cities that voted in 1974 to retain the monarchy. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.