Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › It is a means to provide stability and for stronger, more sustainable and inclusive growth across the euro area and the EU as a whole for the sake of improving the lives of EU citizens. The European Union is a union of twenty-nine member states whose main aim is to enhance economic, social and territorial cohesion among the members. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 28 EU countries that together cover much of the continent.The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. Judges depends on the sice of the case. It's based in Brusel, it has 5 main elements: How are Commissioners selected to the College of Commissioners? Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. (a eu foreign minister). - It's held by a country with every country taking turn every 6 months. How do interpersonal dynamics affect the work of the European Council? Lisbon changed to 55% from minimum 15 member states and 65 % of EU population. Policy The European Commission established the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) in 2000 to help identify the most environmentally and cost-effective policies and measures that can be taken at European level to cut greenhouse gas emissions. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. The European Federalist Party was a pro-European, pan-European and federalist political party from 2011 to 2016 which advocated further integration of the European Union. What were the goals and achievements of the Treaty of Rome? What were the key achievements of the Treaty of Lisbon? fiscal policy? There are two main activities that they do: What is the main objective of the European Council? It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. The six founding countries are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. It is the successor to the European Monetary System ( … A correct on your first try scores you points, second go, one point. Holds its plenary sessions, meets there for only 3 or 4 days a month. 2 Which non-European country signed an agreement to become Germany's military ally and set the scene for World War II? The European Union or EU is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states that are primarily located in Europe. Its official currency is the euro. Under fiscal union decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions, shared by the participating governments. Trafficking, terrorism etc, money corruption, human trafficking, vejicle smuggling. Levels of union density vary widely across the 28 EU states plus Norway, from around 70% in Finland, Sweden and Denmark to 8% in France. When was European Economic Community formed? 1. - Acts like a board of directors of the European Union. The European Parliament is the most environmentally friendly institution. Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. Additionally, the European Union is working hard on eliminating high export tariffs to further increase the prosperity for each member state. It also prepared for the creation of ECB and European System of Central Banks (ESCB). 'Britain always had a very special relationship with the EU -- it always was an on/off relationship. - Based in Justus Liosius building in Brussel. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The Nordic countries were the most negative towards a united Europe in this study, as 73% of the Nordics opposed the idea. The term also refers to the “European Communities,” which originally comprised the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC; dissolved in 2002), and the European Atomic Make sure interest is joint. Legal basis. Public participation and gap filling, it is an interest group. Meeting of heads of states, intergovernmental, negotiates treaties, acts with parliament as legislator, Lay out broad goals, done along party lines, has veto power, acts with council, supranational, Only directly elected Supranational parliament on the planet, The "Supreme Court of Europe", with active jurisdiction over all EU members and the power to strike down EU states' domestic laws (judicial review); promoter of integration, supranational, European Commission, Council of Ministers, European Parliament, Council of Ministers and European Parliament, In charge of legislative process, works like gov. An advocate gives its opinion, 1 are assigned for each case. - Meet in Brussel, summits lasting no longer than 2 days. Synonyms for European Union include EU, European Economic Community, Common Market, EEC, EC, Europe, customs union, economic community, free trade area and European Community. When did Greece join European Economic Community? Explain the powers of the European Commission. In areas in which the European Union does not have exclusive competence, the principle of subsidiarity, laid down in the Treaty on European Union, defines the circumstances in which it is preferable for action to be taken by the Union, rather than the Member States. EP. Luxemburg 1977. 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. But we have each states. Nominated by national governments but desicions take stogether with the president of the commision. The organization aimed at reducing trade barriers; enhance cooperation and regional integration among its members Is the European Union: 1) an international organization, 2) a federal state, 3) a confederation, 4) an economic bloc, 5) sui generis political system, 6) other? The only power ti has was the ability to force the high authority t oresign through a vote of censure - never used it though. "light" constitutional treaty, creation of president of European council and high reps for foreign affairs, increased power of parliament. After 1,316 days of political turmoil, the UK now stands alone as the first nation to have ever left the European Union. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › - Money - Although this is beginning to come under some strain, there is now virtually unlimited free movement of people, money, goods, and services among most of its member states. January 1999, switched on january 1 2002. Explain the origin and evolution of the European Council. The European Union is a unified trade and monetary body of 27 member countries. The goal of the European Union is to form a stronger, more unified Europe in order to have greater stability and strength in global markets. Passes european laws, concludes international agreements, and approves the EU budget with the parliament. The European Union (EU) is a group of countries that acts as one economic unit in the world economy. How is voting conducted in the Council of the European Union? development needs prosperity. more. It eliminates all border controls between members. - Most issues by qualified majority voting or QMV - which prevent big states in having to much power and incourage to form colusions. Learn more about the EU … 90% of the work is solved before ministers meet. 1. - Started as Common Assembly of the ECSC in 1952. a supranational organization working toward economic, political, and cultural integration in Europe The states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia were established by the Treaty of Versailles. Since the formation of the EU, the quality of the seas and beaches that are found throughout the continent have improved dramatically. As the largest market and the most important trading partner for the US, the EU is increasingly setting standards American companies must meet if they wish to remain competitive in the global marketplace. What are the sources of European Union Law? Europeans will soon consider a proposed constitution for the European Union that is very different from the U.S. Constitution. Explain the functions and structure of the European Police Office (Europol). - The franco-german axis has always been critical due to influence by the strong personal relations. There are 50 countries in Europe and the largest country is Russia. Explain the structure of the ECJ and the role of each of its elements. Start studying European Union. Which of the following countries was not an original member of European Economic Community? The European Union has developed over the years as a highly developed economic community with an integrated economic base. - Goal to complete the single market by midninght och December 31, 1992 by vreating an area witout internal frontiers in which the free mocement of goods, persons, services and capital is assures. It is not Interpol but that idea for the member states. Brittan had approved from the US who supported the community. Can we strive for equality? The currency. Explain the functions and structure of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). European Economic and Monetary Union … The European Union has helped to improve local environments. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. Ten terms all relating to the European Union can be revised and tested in this Quizlet activity. The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. - Denmark wanted to join because of agricultural reasons and a lot was being exported to Britain. The President of the Court of Justice is elected from and by the judges for a renewable term of three years. Extra-EU refers to transactions with all countries outside of the EU: the rest of the world except for the European Union (EU) Member States. - High authority, 6 members but 9 leaders, they don't carry the same. The European Union is a monetary entity of 27 fiscally independent countries. Explain the functions and structure of the European Court of Auditors. An agreement between many European countries to integrate their monetary systems including using a single currency. They don't have to listen, there is no accountability, a concern. What is the significance of the European Coal and Steel Community in relation to the progressive development of European integration? The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. Commission has the monopoly on development of the laws.EP and council of ministers interact on debate over the adoption of laws. The European Union has been a staple of the global stage since the 1990s, but its history and present are becoming increasingly complicated. Why did the draft Constitutional Treaty fail? Who will you choose to be the advocate? T he European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries. Explain the configurations of the Council of the European Union. Where is the seat(s)* of the European Parliament (EP)? What is Europe? - It is not a European superstate, and suggestions that it might one day become a United States of Europe are greeted with a volatile mixture of enthusiasm and hostility. community pillar 2 and 3. They know each other well and want negotations to go smooth. EU has a kind of central government, serenity - government power. Tony Blair set five criteria and insisted on a referndum. There are so big differences in population. Amsterdam (1997 - 1999) enlargment of the eu to the east , launching single currency, asylum, immigration, unemployment, social policy, health protection. They came into being as a result of the November 1990 transatlantic declaration which for the ﬁrst time formalised the USA’s contacts with what was then the European Community. Explain the evolution of the ECJ and its origin. The president decides. enlargement, brettton woods fell apart, oil shock and stagflation, Push for common currency, extended parliaments amending power (let them propose them), reformed how decisions are made legislatively, strengthened monetary system, 1992 treaty to create political unity. The open border allows the free flow of goods and people. Economic and political integration whereby countries coordinate aspects of their economic and political systems. It's about the currency, In Frankfurt. Moreover, the European Union regulates trade with one set of regulations, which makes business much more efficient. The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. When did the Treaty on European Union come into effect? Intergrate further the states politically an enomomically. For others, it is the … The European Economic Community was formed in 1957. A blocking needs 4 states representing 35%. This was a kick-start for economic integration and brought new members to the European community. Ten terms all relating to the European Union can be revised and tested in this Quizlet activity. 4 reasons behind Britain leaving the European Union. They have the Eurosystem: every member state that has adopted the euro. They have a common market with a single currency. Usally has a politcal background. Give it a shot and know more about the continent. It has grown because of now they have one member from every country, the institutions have grown, should it be this powerful? Explain the structure of the European Council. After the Treaty on European Union, who was responsible for monetary policy? Which functions are shared with the Council of the European Union? What are the responsibilities of the President of the European Council? The European Union creates stability because all of the nations belonging to the agreement (or NATO) work together for their mutual good. Brussel, advisory body set up under treaty of Rome. Explain the structure of the European Commission. an agreement made between countries, where the countries agree to trade freely among themselves, and they also agree to adopt common external barriers against any country attempting to import into the customs union, for example, the Switzerland-Liechtenstein customs union, a zone in which labor and capital (as well as goods) flow freely across borders. Now all in Brussel. Member states can't ask for loan there. It was marketing, he maybe didn't have the political will but he got it out there, free trade for coal and steel. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. If there is a free trade on coal and steel, and can wash and see something. A proposal had to win a triple majority. What were the achievements of the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice? Carries out annual auditsof the accounts of all EU institutions t oensure that revenue has been raised and expenditure incurred in a lawful and regular manner and to monitor the EU's financial management. Why the delay? Explain the powers of the Council of the European Union. An initiative of the European Commission. On May 9 it is Europe day, he announced it on that day because of the Schuman declaration, the first start of EU 1950. The European Union is a political organization which includes a number of European countries. Many members share the Schengen Area while others share the eurozone. At this point, there should only be one common production, It is about sharing a gun, to build up trust between the countries. More cooperation on immigration and asylum, police intellegence to combat organized crime, regional funds for poorer states. What is happening that you need this kind of input? European Community (EC), former association designed to integrate the economies of Europe. Home Menu Search . It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. - Summits earlier took place in the capital of member state holding the presidency of the council of ministers or in a regional city or town. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace. How is the President of the European Commission selected and appointed? They choose to start the EU, and they can choose to leave, so is it just an organization? What is the interrelation between World War II and the design of the European Union? Not police officer for the union. Explain the functions and structure of the European Committee of the Regions (C o R). Explain the functions and structure of the European Central Bank (ECB). Where? It is now having a single currency (Euro) and a single Banking Union system. 44% of respondents support the future development of the European Union as a federation of nation states, 35% are opposed. The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the … These countries share a common currency called the Euro. The ECB started in 1998 following the Treaty of Amsterdam that amended the Treaty on the European Union. - Charing the European Council and driving forwards its work. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the European Union and the USA hold regular presi-dential summits. The bank succeeded the European Monetary Institute (EMI) which had been formed at the second stage of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) to handle transitional issues of adopting Euro as a currency. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. How many world wars were fought in Europe? They don't control the fisical things. Home ; About the EU . Taking collective responsible for desicions, Each has a policy portfolio which they are responsible for, serves 5 years term. What are the powers and functions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ)? What are the requisite qualifications? It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organisation. Någon annan council. These countries share a common currency called the Euro. The European Union was officially founded on November 1, 1993. In making appointments there are three main factors. Candidates most be confirmed by the EP. - Strasbourg, France. Has the court grown and been more efficient? intergovernmental body. Since the treaty of lisbon lead to a change in how it is done, starting in 2014: commissions presidents were to be proposed by the european council using the qualified majority vote. Initally the parliament was limited to the consulation procudre, accept or no. - Created in 1974 because of need of stronger leadership. Since the 1950s, various industries, including coal and steel, have worked to create one entity serving all Europeans … Do voters in EP elections make their choices on the basis of domestic or European issues? Publish own initative. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. The orgin can be tracked to the high authority of the ecsc. What are the key powers and functions of the EP? Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. About GDPR.EU . The member consisted of national government ministers, the ECSC Council provided an intergovernmental balance to the supranational qualities of the High Authority. What were the positive and negative effects of the membership enlargement? He did announce it at a press conference. c) 1 July 1987. It is now also trying to supplement the existing economic integration with a viable political integration of the European Community. Why did Britain turn down membership in the euro? Mainly focus were to initiate policy and to oversee implementation. They have veto powers over council of ministers over: allowing new members, concluding international agreements, imposing penalties, attempting to introduce a uniform electoral system. French foreign minister. You have two attempts answer each question. What are the responsibilities of the Presidency? Start studying GEOG EXAM 2. - The Eurozone are the states are involved with the euros. The first steps were to foster economic cooperation: the idea being that countries that trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict. The European Union has a mandate to protect all vulnerable groups and minorities on the continent. Not a loaning institutions. It increased the international influence of the EEC (largest economic bloc in the world). The European coal and steel union. Has become a silent threat to the member states. Give employer, workers etc a place where they could meet and talk and issue opinions to the commission, the council of ministers and the parliament. - Robert Schuman's original view was that any move toward political integration and a common European identity would depend upon further economic integration. Tangible proof of European integration, the single currency has a specific history of design, implementation, and policies. European Union Quiz Questions and Answers. Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. This is because of regulations that were implemented at a Union level. It was in favor for larger countries, every country needed to accept it for it to be approved. - National delegations normally have issues they want to raise in meetings. 1958, They borrow from to make for infrastructure for example (50%). Second would be the Council, and this represents the member states. Why was the origin of the European Union based in coal and steel? This quiz has been designed to give young people a quick and useful introduction the European Union. The General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions and secessions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of the states in Europe. The role changed quickly. EU GDP in 2017: 1. Europa > Documents and publications > Language and terminology. How is voting conducted in the European Commission? The Commission is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. Belongs to the European Political Party, they are the highest representatives. What were the three pillars of the newly formed European Union? The European Central Bank and the European Commission are in charge of maintaining its value and stability, and for establishing the criteria required for EU countries to enter the euro area. They want eu to do well so they can trade with them. How often does the European Council meet? To make war impossible? - Instead of high authority the EEC had an appointed nine-member quasi-executive commission that had less power to impose decisions on member states. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. The European Union creates an allied front against outside aggression.The past 50 years in Europe have been some of the most peaceful out of the last 1,000 years of history. Only the most political, sensitive and controversial things goes to the ministers. They dreamed of integrating European economies and removing controls on the movement of people, money, goods, and services; they were driven by the desire to promote peace and to build a single European market that could compete with the United States. The difference between federation and confederation, a central government. board of governors consisting of finance ministers, a decision-making board of directors (27 member plus representative from the European commission). The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. When did Single European Act come into effect? Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. From empire to nation-state and now to a union, the continent struggles to confront these cultural forces that unite and divide. d) 1981. The EU is an example of what supranationalism can produce. It is a complex situation and a though role. The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent. What is the EU institution that discusses new laws and coordinates policy between the member countries? The EU’s members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Have the same power here as the council of ministers on decision making. SSenate for presidental nomines to the cabinet. What they do: oversees attempt to coordinate the economic policies of member states, digning international tretien on behalf of the EU, approving the EU budget, promoting the cpmmon foreign and security policy. Investing in the poor so we can have a single market for example. Commission doesn't have a special role, they have a standard role- most of the policies come with the instructions from the EP or the Council. The group of countries within the EU using the euro as a currency. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. The assembly had no power of law for the ECSC or influence lawmaking. What did the signing of the Treaty of Rome establish? How many should it be? European Union. The europa.eu webpage concerning GDPR can be found here. European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis, an organization whose goal is to unite Europe so that goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries, No death penalty, same monetary system, common body of legislature, secular, the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999), European countries lowered trade barriers; The cold war; integration had economic gains/growth, Strong currency, peace, prosperity (20% of world GDP comes from EU), democracy, unity, Debt crisis, inequality, xenophonia, democratic deficit, Anti-immigrant; racial discrimination, two-faced ("we love immigrants", then they burn down homes), The criticism made of the European Union that there is a gap between the European Community institutions and the people they represent; voter turn out at 80%, Made European integration possible after 1945; involvement of US; Soviet Union had a common enemy of US and Europe, US needed strong ally in Europe; NATO, trading partners, Made European integration possible after 1945, Made European integration possible after 1945; forced European countries to change; Europe in shambles, needing to rebuild; Germany returning to good graces, a trading bloc that gives preferential access to certain products from certain countries; (2+ countries decrease tariffs together, but not abolish), A zone in which there are no tariffs or other restrictions on the movement of goods and services across borders; free border. Explain the distinction between the European System of Central Banks and the Eurosystem. 5. It does this in 4 ways. The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. It was introduced in 1962 and has undergone several changes since then to reduce the cost (from 73% of the EEC budget in 1985 to 37% of the EU budget in 2017) and to also consider rural development in its aims. Union in the euro but 9 leaders, they borrow from to sure... This represents the member states to 17:00 CET/CEST ( Monday to Friday.... Design, implementation, and other programmes welfare state and crisis learn with flashcards, games and... By 3 elements ( President, Judges 28, Advocate Generals 11.! Do the detailed work of the positions of President of the ECSC influence.: they can trade with one set of regulations, which entered into force on 1! Trade with them serves 5 years term movement of people, money corruption human... 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