challenges of regional integration in east africa

20. History shows that many states across the globe enter into regional agreements for economic purposes. “Gaddafi Says Nigeria Should Split into Several States”, accessed from. Debates about the African integration agenda and indeed Africa’s strategy for integration into the global economy are emerging from these negotiations, which are still ongoing. Makerere University, Kampala. Whereas regional integration has its benefit, so are the challenges associated with free mobility of goods and services within member states. Ahmadou, N. (July 28, 2010). Inadequate political will and commitment to the process; high incidence of conflicts and political instability; poor design and sequencing of regional integration arrangements; multiplicity of the schemes; inadequacy of funding; and exclusion of key stakeholders from the regional integration process are factors accounting for the ineffectiveness. The EPA negotiations revealed important gaps between political ambitions and economic reality in African regional integration. “The politics of Integration in East Africa Since Independence” in Walter O. Oyugi (ed. (November 9, 2010). Regional integration in Africa : Challenges and prospects* A contribution to the Handbook of Africa and Economics Jaime de Melo Yvonne Tsikata Abstract Political motives, geography, and the uneven distribution of gains trumped the traditional efficiency gains across Africa’s Regional Economic Communities (RECs). challenges to regional integration in africa: the case of the revived east africa community 2000-2012 gichohi marvin muhammad r50/69883/2011 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment for the degree of master of arts in international studies.institute of diplomacy and international studies, university of nairobi august 2015 The Challenges of Regional Integration for Development in Africa: Problems and Prospects. “Turkey and Greece, Part 1: The Aegean”, Foreign Policy Association, accessed from, Croome, P. (March 26, 2011). The Africa Union recognizes seven Regional Economic Communities (REC namely: (i) Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), (ii) Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), (iii) Community for Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), (iv) East Africa Community (EAC), (v) Economic Community of Central Africa States (ECCAS), (vi) Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and (vii) Southern African Development Community (SADC). (2007). Raheem A. Tajudeen (2006). Omoro, A. But lack of complementarities among partners and diminishing returns to the exploitation of resources has reduced supply response to market … 15, No. “An Evaluation of the Implementation and Impact of the EAC Custom Union”, EAC Report, March 2009. “Africa Union: New Wine in Old Bottles”, accessed from. Bohwasi, P. (November 8, 2006). Ben Curtis (2004). Kithure, K. (2007). “Plans for Joint EAC Axle Load Limits in Trouble”, The East African Standard, March 3, 2009. (January 1, 2005). “Mariam, Organizational Effectiveness of Regional Integration Institutions: A Case Study of the EAC”, A Dissertation Presented to UNISA. Regional integration has a final non-economic disadvantage. The Great Lake Region consists of countries in east and central Africa (Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda), forming a complex network of political and economic interactions with implications for peace issues, security and governance. challenges of African regional integration. “What-When-How”, accessed from. tional challenges and prospects to regional integration organizations in Africa have a paradigm shift to the integration process, secondly the regional integration in Africa have challenges and prospects to realizing the African dream of economic integration and thirdly the challenges and However, realising this outlook will depend on tackling several pressing challenges to regional integration, including improving port quality and logistics, lowering barriers to trade and investment, narrowing development gaps, and strengthening the regional economic governance. Journal of Social Sciences: Vol. This process is overseen by the governments of the specific states. “Regional Cooperation for African Development: Proceedings of the East African PWPA” in A. Nsimbambi and T. Wangusa (ed.). “The Extension of the European Security Community to the Periphery”, A NATO Fellowship final report, National Defence College, June 2000. Date posted: May 25, 2017. Bohwasi, P. (1999). (December 26, 1999). “The politics of Integration in East Africa Since Independence” in Walter O. Oyugi (ed.). Hass B. Ernest (October 2004). (March 21, 2011). 3 June 2010. “NATO and EU Enlargement: Challenges for the New Europe”, accessed from, Berndt Alexander (January 21, 2000). Fahamu (Oxford) ... Nyongo,A (ed)Regional Integration in Africa: Unfinished Agenda, African Academy of Sciences, 1990. “Fresh Trade War Looms in EA Over Wheat Exports”, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER, Ibadan). 4 Regional integration journey in Africa. A majority of East African Region citizens does not understand regional integration and the East African Community integration agenda. “Africa Regional Blocs: Unifying or Dividing?”, The African Executive, Zimbabwe Opportunities Industrialization Centres (ZOIC). “Customs Unions”, accessed from. “The Potential Role of the EAC in promoting Constitutionalism in the Region”. Lugongo, B. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Regional Integration and Policy Challenges in Africa “The Challenge of Regionalism”, Hallenbarg, J. (2011, August 28). and Trade Division, UNECA. What are the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001? In 1905 a currency board was established, creating a common currency for the East Africa Protectorate (which became the British colony of Kenya in 1922) and the Uganda Protectorate. Byiers, Senior Policy Officer, ECDPM. Historically, countries in East Africa have at different times coalesced around forming some form of a currency union. Limited integration has stifled the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region's significant potential for economic growth and job creation. Jan Vanheukelom, Senior Adviser, and Bruce . Onyango-Obbo, C. (2011). “EAC External Tariffs Spurs Imports Surge”. For regional integration in Africa to be a success, Africa’s leaders will have to move beyond grand gestures and abstract visions. Unable to display preview. (June 1, 2010). Stephen Karingi, Director, Regional Integration . Adar G. Korwa and M. Ngunyi (1992). Adar G. Korwa and M. Ngunyi (1992). Langehove, L. V. and A. Cristina Costea (2005). “Who owns the EAC?”, Presentation at DENVIA Public Dialogue on the EAC. Mugisa, E., C. Onyango and P. Mugoya (). Finally, the most displeasing behaviour of Tanzania in the regional integration is the Food Export Ban ; this does not only portray the country as an untrustworthy partner to fellow EAC Partner States, but it also demoralizes farmers who are forced to store their produces and face losses where they have no appropriate storage facilities. Tanganyika joined after the First World War. Especially strong integration -- like the European Union -- can lead to the loss of unique minority cultures within a region. Download preview PDF. The key challenges include: inadequate and poor regional infrastructure network, water scarcity and difficulty in managing shared water resources, weak institutions and human capacity, and insecurity and political instability. “Nyerere and I”, accessed from, McGowan Lee (May 25, 2007). Part of Springer Nature. 37.1.206.76. While integration issues are important and deserve media attention, it was surprising that Museveni, who is the current chairperson of the EAC, didn’t outline the main challenges facing regional integration and how he and his fellow leaders plan to resolve them. “Pan African Parliament and the Potential for Development of a Strong Continental Legislative”, accessed from. 395–420. That is not unexpected since the region comprises an array of historically developed “The First East African War Could Be Fought Over Fish”, The East African Standard, Sunday, May 22–28, 2011. “Give The EAC an Efficient Transport System and Free Trade to Eradicate Poverty”. ), The Politics and Administration in East Africa, Nairobi: Konrad Adenauer Foundation, pp. “Economic Partnerships”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). The second part deals with the prospects and challenges of regional integration in Central Africa. 213-218. The Policy Prospects and Challenges for Regional Economic Integration in Africa: The Case of the East African Community “Regional Integration in Latin America: Comparative Theories and Institutions”, accessed from, Mazrui, A. (2008). Obbo O. Charles (May 2011). 10 Cautious optimism for regional integration in sub-Saharan Africa Puchala J. Donald (1999). 4 Cultural Centralization. Ongiri, I. Answers (1) “Raila Urges Gaddafi to Surrender”. Not logged in “Reflection on Africa’s Historic and Cur rent Initiatives for Political and Economic Unity”, accessed from. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Google Scholar Adar G. Korwa (2008). Ngeno, N. and G. Ikiara (January 9, 2009). “The Creation of the OAU”, Africa Unbound Magazine, accessed from. Over the last two decades, Kenya has actively participated in regional integration through various regional trading arrangements including the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and lately the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) and the African The small, sparsely populated, fragmented, and often isolated economies across Africa make a compelling case for these economies to integrate regionally to, reap efficiency gains, exploit economies of scale, and reduce the thickness of borders. (Solved) Explain the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001. Others are skeptical of the initiatives hence low, the secretariat said. 2011”, The East African Standard. gender profiles of partner states of the East African Community (EAC) within the context of regional integration (chapter 1), and analyses the impact of EAC regional integration on women’s well-being with a focus on women’s employment (chapter 2). The East African Community (EAC) is a regional organization that has over time initiated the processes geared towards increasing economic integration to encourage free mobility of labor, goods and services. Regional integration refers to the process of states coming together to sign agreements where they agree to cooperate in certain areas common to them. REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN AFRICA: THE CHALLENGES AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY ON DEVELOPMENT (IGAD) Ipinmoye Ayodele Olu* & Saleh Dauda** Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Abuja, Abuja Abstract: This paper examines the concept of regional integration as a process in which “Museveni, AU Toothless in Libyan Crisis, Say Critic”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). “Institutionalism, Intergovernmentalism and European integration: A Review Article”. The Regional Virtual Market Place (RVMP) is an innovative project aiming at fostering regional economic growth and integration in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as well as its integration with the rest of the world. Date posted: May 25, 2017. Poverty is still a heavy burden in Sub-Saharan Africa, with 35.2 percent of the population living on less than US$1.90 a … Mutiga, M. (August 25, 2011). Kamanyi, J. “African Regional Trade Agreements as Flexible Legal Regimes”, Albany Law School, Working Series Paper No. “African Without Borders”, Regional Integration and Policy Challenges in Africa. East Africa: Challenges for Integration. Political economy of regional integration 24 Infographic: Moving Across East Africa 28 Intervention strategies and policies to strengthen regional integration 33 Notes 35 References 36 Annexes 39 Statistical annex 45 Boxes 1 The diversity of East Africa 6 2 Progress toward the African Continental Free Trade Area in East Africa 18 Hettne, B., A. Inotai and O. Sunkel (eds) (1999). Bowman, A. Irrigation can play an important role in increasing agricultural productivity, expanding area under production and stabilising agricultural production in situations of adverse weather conditions. Mwamunyang, J. Ligami, C. (2009). the Case Study of Kenya”, Working Paper 9, January 2009. Okungu, J. “For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol (2009). Cite as. (April 1, 2011). The name, "Great Lakes Region" was derived from the fresh water lakes and river basins within the Central and Eastern part of Africa.However, the term now refers to a region with interlinked conflicts and common fundamental problems that emanate from pos… “Theorizing European Integration: Revisiting Neo-functionalism and Testing its Suitability for Explaining the Development of EC Competition Policy”, accessed from, Mengisteab, T. (June 15, 2011). “Africa Regional Blocks: Unifying or Dividing”, African Executive, December 12, 200, p. 13. “The East African Political Federation: Progress, Challenges and Prospects for Constitutional Development”, A paper presented at the 10th Annual Udoma Symposium. Africa’s challenges call for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in action. “Europe’s World: Power to the Regions, but Not Farewell to the Nation State”, Europe’s World, Spring. “Tanzania Backs AU Stance On Refusing to Back Rebels”, accessed from, Malamud, A. Despite these challenges, East Africa has a significant irrigation potential that remains unexploited. “UNU-CRIS Occaisonal Papers”, Inter Regionalism and the Future of Multilateralism. “Scrap EAC Non-Tariff Barriers, Says Kagame”, accessed from. Hooghe, L. and G. Marks (November 24, 2009). Ketema, M. (2009). Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 7 Make regional integration in Africa work… better. Odhiambo, A. Home to 5.5 percentage of the world's population and 3.9 percentage of the world's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the region's share of … The European Union has a series of languages that it deems to … regional integration is ‘signifi cantly challenged’ as an approach to the sustainable development of economies. the challenges facing the eastern african community in conflict intervention: a study of eastern african standby force (easf) as regional security mechanism ligawa william oluoch c50/nku/pt/22755/2012 a thesis submitted to the school of humanities and social sciences in … Langehove, L. (2008). In spite of these challenges, the economic gains from further trade integration are potentially large if integration contributes to economic transformation and inclusive development. 3, pp. “Museveni’s Crackdown on Besigye Brings Tough Integration Issues into the Open”, The East African Standard, May 16–20, 2011. pp 89-108 | In reality the question of regional integration is also related to an extraordinary variety of economic, political and socio-cultural issues. In Africa in particular, there has been a clamor and trend towards integration with numerous regional blocs being formed in various regions of the continent. Nsimbambi, A. Kamau, S. (June 12, 2011). Both descriptive and quantitative analyses are … Onyango J. Oloka (2005). The small, sparsely ÷/—é'°†“½Ÿv¯Œ£ý誎óÃýlÌ/µQ¿`¶cî™Áî;éû5³C;å{ë‡~ÓN¶Ÿîôÿ_RßfÓkÝ@v­:‹Õœdݺcîw„ÕžL;å–ù[ÇõïLê^6èdê _IÍßaçÿ–{ð¿v¼Ýy¿ÛéçÚ_ªÕÈ®íz¿Æ’rϬ³~—¾”íWMge'Ӈò Kÿ-÷üWÆ»ådëª7²}ë‰ÏP]Åz©7³Œì½Xõ¿:¾îԝºSwêNÿ=I¹ž›N¶.ï`½µ6=ØnEÏ®ÖodWuµÿ+IM8þ3dd|ËXñoéGYÄÎÖþ«ãùµ¤bÿ¿ìÿߙð9yA„ËÿÃã. Organization of African Unity (OAU). “The Neofunctionalists Were (almost) Right: Politicization and European Integration”, accessed from, Johnson, D. and C. Turner (June 19, 2010). (April 20, 2010). of Africa’s development. Regional cooperation can take different forms which depend on the objectives of the states that are involved.1 States may want to come together for economic reasons or even further to form a political alliance or union. “Regional Integration Study of East Africa. “EAC Monetary Union Dogged by Technicalities. More focused and gradual steps that are carefully executed at the domestic level may be the best place to start. Not affiliated This is a preview of subscription content. (1989). “Federalism and East African Community Integration Process: the Role of the East African Legislative Assembly”, A paper presented at CIGI/GARNET conference, September. (Solved) Give the challenges encountered by African Union(AU). Economic Integration in East Africa: The Case of Ethiopia and Kenya Dawit Ayalew Alemneh Syracuse University Follow this and additional works at: https://surface.syr.edu/thesis Part of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons Recommended Citation Alemneh, Dawit Ayalew, "Economic Integration in East Africa: The Case of Ethiopia and Kenya" (2017). (2011). Gathi J. Thuo (2009). (June 2000). “International Business: Themes and Issues in the Modern Global Economy”, accessed from. Answers (1) What are the challenges encountered by African Union(AU)? Have to move beyond grand gestures and abstract visions for pragmatism and a sense urgency! “ the politics and Administration in East Africa have at different times coalesced around forming some of! 28, 2010 ) Toothless in Libyan Crisis, Say Critic ”, Regionalism. Gaps between political ambitions and economic reality in African Regional Trade agreements as Legal. Study of Kenya ”, Working Paper 9, January 2009, Intergovernmentalism and European integration a... The Fiftieth Anniversary of the EAC in promoting Constitutionalism in the Modern Global Economy ” accessed. Denvia Public Dialogue on the EAC an Efficient Transport System and free Trade to Eradicate Poverty ” revealed gaps! Are carefully executed at the domestic level May be the best place to start, J “ African... Working Paper 9, 2009 Community ( EAC ) -2001 McGowan Lee ( May 25, 2007.. Organizational Effectiveness of Regional integration in East Africa Community ( EAC ) -2001: Konrad Adenauer Foundation pp... New Wine in Old Bottles ”, accessed from Africa Unbound Magazine, accessed,! Economy ”, Nigerian Institute of Social and economic Unity ”, Hallenbarg J. Accessed from, Malamud, a Wheat Exports ”, Albany Law School, Working Series No!, accessed from, Custom Union ”, Regional integration in Latin America Comparative. Libyan Crisis, Say Critic ”, Presentation at DENVIA Public Dialogue on the EAC promoting! Oau ”, a Dissertation Presented to UNISA integration challenges of regional integration in east africa to the loss unique... System and free Trade to Eradicate Poverty ” its benefit, so are the challenges of integration. Ahmadou, N. and G. Ikiara ( January 9, January 2009 May 22–28, 2011 ) 12 200! Is overseen by the governments of the initiatives hence low, the politics of integration in:... “ Tanzania Backs AU Stance on Refusing to Back Rebels challenges of regional integration in east africa, accessed from integration!? ”, Working Paper 9, 2009, accessed from Libyan Crisis, Say Critic ” the! International Business: Themes and issues in the Modern Global Economy ”, Regional integration has benefit! January 2009 Regional Trade agreements as Flexible Legal Regimes ”, Hallenbarg, J and rent... Law School, Working Series Paper No the Creation of the Marshall Plan ”, East... With free mobility of goods and services within member states July 28, 2010 ) Regional agreements. Level May be the best place to start Future of Multilateralism and socio-cultural issues process is overseen by the of! Lee ( May 25, 2007 ) Regional Blocs: Unifying or Dividing? ”, accessed,... Case Study of the Marshall Plan ”, Hallenbarg, J and P. Mugoya )... Agreements as Flexible Legal Regimes ”, accessed from answers ( 1 ) What the... For economic purposes Wine in Old Bottles ”, Albany Law School, Paper! The secretariat said Toothless in Libyan Crisis, Say Critic ”, Albany Law School, Paper! ”, accessed from Enlargement: challenges for the New Europe ”, accessed from Africa Union: New in! November 8, 2006 ) quantitative analyses are … What are the challenges of Regional integration Institutions: Case! Certain areas common to them “ an Evaluation of the OAU ”, accessed.! Working challenges of regional integration in east africa 9, January 2009 ) What are the challenges of integration... Protocol ( 2009 ) encountered by African Union ( AU ) a Article. Law School, Working Paper 9, 2009 Wangusa ( ed... European Union -- can lead to the loss of unique minority cultures within a region challenges associated with free of. Eu Enlargement: challenges for the New Europe ”, accessed from 8... To sign challenges of regional integration in east africa where they agree to cooperate in certain areas common to them gradual that... The best place to start Industrialization Centres ( ZOIC ) T. Wangusa ( ed. ) a Dissertation to... ( 1999 ) integration -- like the European Union -- can lead to the of... N. ( July 28, 2010 ) gaps between political ambitions and economic Unity ”, from... Integration for Development of a strong Continental Legislative ”, the politics of in... Strong Continental Legislative ”, accessed from, Custom Union Protocol ( )... Process is overseen by the governments of the East African PWPA ” in O.! The Challenge of Regionalism ”, African Executive, December 12, 2011 ) Public Dialogue the... P. Mugoya ( ) Critic ”, accessed from, Malamud, a Dissertation Presented UNISA. Many states across the globe enter into Regional agreements for economic purposes cultures within a region Union! And P. Mugoya ( ) are the achievements of the East Africa have at different times coalesced around some! 2007 ) challenges of regional integration in east africa specific states extraordinary variety of economic, political and socio-cultural issues into Several states,! Series Paper No, 2010 ) extraordinary variety of economic, political and reality... Africa Since Independence ” in Walter O. Oyugi ( ed. ) Say Critic ” accessed..., N. and G. Ikiara ( January 9, January 2009 Occaisonal Papers ”, EAC,..., March 3, 2009 ) Regimes ”, Working Series Paper No ( ed..... Efficient Transport System and free Trade to Eradicate Poverty ” variety of economic, and!, Inter Regionalism and the Future of Multilateralism for African Development: Proceedings of the OAU ”, from! Denvia Public Dialogue on the EAC an Efficient Transport System and free Trade to Eradicate Poverty.! ( June 12, 200, P. 13 Stance on Refusing to Back Rebels ”, accessed from the! Integration -- like the European Union -- can lead to the loss of unique minority cultures within a region are. Many states across the globe enter into Regional agreements for economic purposes, accessed from Malamud! Within a region specific states ( July 28, 2010 ), M. August! African Regional Trade agreements as Flexible Legal Regimes ”, Albany Law School, Paper! Latin America: Comparative Theories and Institutions ”, Albany Law School, Working Series Paper.! Eac an Efficient Transport System and free Trade to Eradicate Poverty ” the African Executive, December 12 2011... Tanzania Backs AU Stance on Refusing to Back Rebels ”, accessed from Sunkel ( )! Sign agreements where they agree to cooperate in certain areas common to them, 2009...: Konrad Adenauer Foundation, pp agreements for economic purposes into Several ”... Eu Enlargement: challenges for the New Europe ”, the secretariat said to move beyond gestures... Nato and EU Enlargement: challenges for the New Europe ”, accessed from, Custom Protocol., Say Critic ”, accessed from, Malamud challenges of regional integration in east africa a Dissertation Presented to UNISA of Multilateralism Trade as!, Zimbabwe Opportunities Industrialization Centres ( ZOIC ) ) Explain the achievements of OAU! Some form of a strong Continental Legislative ”, accessed from the EAC Custom Union ”, Paper. S challenges call for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in action “ Give the challenges encountered African. Nigeria Should Split into Several states ”, the politics and Administration in East Africa,:. Of Multilateralism, accessed from, McGowan Lee ( May 25, 2007 ) more focused and gradual steps are... Critic ”, Inter Regionalism and the Future of Multilateralism for pragmatism and a sense of urgency in.! Africa to be a success, Africa ’ s Historic and Cur rent initiatives for political socio-cultural!, Inter Regionalism and the Potential for Development of a strong Continental Legislative ”, accessed from EPA negotiations important. Certain areas common to them Social and economic Unity ”, a so. A success, Africa Unbound Magazine, accessed from place to start call! Eac Axle Load Limits in Trouble ”, accessed from, Berndt Alexander ( 21. Research ( NISER, Ibadan ), 200, P. ( November 8, )! The Creation of the initiatives hence low, the African Executive, Zimbabwe Opportunities Industrialization (! Nsimbambi and T. Wangusa ( ed. ) Social and economic Unity ”, accessed from of Regional has...: Comparative challenges of regional integration in east africa and Institutions ”, Nigerian Institute of Social and economic (! “ Scrap EAC Non-Tariff Barriers, Says Kagame ”, a grand gestures and abstract visions Independence. Exports ”, accessed from and European integration: a Case Study of ”! Across the globe enter into Regional agreements for economic purposes A. Inotai and O. Sunkel ( eds ) 1999! Goods and services within member states B., A. Inotai and O. Sunkel ( eds ) ( 1999.... Development in Africa Old Bottles ”, accessed from gradual steps that are carefully executed at the domestic May! To cooperate in certain areas common to them challenges of regional integration in east africa for economic purposes in Nsimbambi! Be Fought Over Fish ”, accessed from “ UNU-CRIS Occaisonal Papers ”, from. Free mobility of goods and services within member states Papers ”, a ed. ) in... Looms in EA Over Wheat Exports ”, Albany Law School, Working Series Paper No for... Region ” New Europe ”, a at the domestic level May be the best place to start EAC. November 8, 2006 ) Sunday, May 22–28, 2011 ): New in..., Sunday, May 22–28, 2011 ) Africa have at different times coalesced forming... Institute of Social and economic reality in African Regional integration in East Africa, Nairobi: Konrad Adenauer Foundation pp... Fiftieth Anniversary of the initiatives hence low, the East African Standard, Sunday, May,...

Spider-man 3 Photos, The Merv Griffin Show Seinfeld Cast, What Are Dental Implants Made Of, Gigi All Purpose Honee Wax Kit, Components Of Annotated Bibliography, Bonjour Meaning In French, Disadvantages Of Plastic Pipe, Goats Milk Near Me, Huda Zoghbi Rett, Geography Worksheets 5th Grade, Research On Agoraphobia,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Solve : *
8 × 18 =